Cops turn to DNA analysis in wildlife crimes (Namibia)

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Sat, Jun 18, 2022 8:38 PM

Cops turn to DNA analysis in wildlife crimes (Namibia)
Albertina Nakale, New Era
June 18, 2022

See link
https://neweralive.na/posts/cops-turn-to-dna-analysis-in-wildlife-crimes
for photo.

Namibia will soon make use of DNA analysis in forensic investigations into
animal abuse and crimes such as illegal smuggling, poaching and the illegal
trade in protected species.

Using DNA analysis will make it possible to identify the species and
geographical origin, such as the population of a forensic sample, and to
also individualise the sample with high levels of probability.

Police chief Sebastian Ndeitunga this week announced that the capacitation
of the new National Forensic Science Institute of Namibia is at an advanced
stage.

The facility is to be realised with the assistance of wildlife funding
partners in creating a wildlife or animal DNA database and analysis. “With
this in place, the Namibian Police will be having the capacity to
forensically investigate and connect evidence collected at crime scenes
involving wildlife,” he stated.

He made the comments during a stakeholders’ forum that aimed to discuss
progress made, present the identified law-enforcement challenges, and
collectively pave the way forward with regards to the implementation of the
2021-2025 revised National Strategy on Wildlife Protection and
Law-Enforcement.

The ministry of environment has recorded an alarming number of rhino
carcasses found in the Etosha National Park from the beginning of this
month.

Eleven black rhinos have been poached in the last two weeks. In total, 22
rhino carcasses were discovered as of January.

A total of 131 wildlife crime cases have been registered between 2017 and
14 June 2022, Namibian Police Force Deputy Commissioner for the Protected
Resources Division, Barry de Klerk, has revealed.

Speaking at the same forum here on Wednesday, De Klerk revealed that 93
cases are ongoing at various courts in the country, while 16 have been
finalised with convictions and nine have been provisionally withdrawn.

Eight cases were struck off the court rolls, whilst two were finalised
without convictions, two were finalised, and one was declared
indeterminate. “Poaching remains rife in Namibia, and this calls for better
collective strategies on wildlife crime and law- enforcement to preserve
wildlife for future generations,” he stressed.

He noted that the suspects arrested include 487 Namibians, 21 Angolans,
five Zambians and five Asians. A total of 243 suspects are out on bail
while 132 are awaiting trial, and 32 suspects’ cases were withdrawn.
Furthermore, 30 people were discharged and 29 were released. A total of 30
suspects have been convicted, nine are deceased, eight have absconded and
five have been acquitted.

Minister of Environment, Forestry and Tourism Pohamba Shifeta said wildlife
trafficking has become a multi-billion-dollar criminal enterprise that has
expanded, and environmental crime has exploded to become the fourth-largest
criminal sector worldwide after drug trafficking, counterfeit crimes and
human trafficking.

At the moment, Namibia makes use of South African forensic experts when the
need arises.

The new facility will allow the police to properly secure evidence for
court cases and investigations, and the rate at which such cases can be
finalised will increase dramatically.

The database will help to identify new trafficking routes on the basis of
DNA links from animal horns which were seized and matched to crime sites.

In other countries such as South Africa, a genetic database that holds DNA
from thousands of African rhinoceroses has secured the convictions of
poachers and led to stiffer criminal sentences since its establishment
eight years ago, researchers say. However, not all scientists are convinced
the effort is worthwhile.

https://neweralive.na/posts/cops-turn-to-dna-analysis-in-wildlife-crimes

Cops turn to DNA analysis in wildlife crimes (Namibia) Albertina Nakale, New Era June 18, 2022 See link <https://neweralive.na/posts/cops-turn-to-dna-analysis-in-wildlife-crimes> for photo. Namibia will soon make use of DNA analysis in forensic investigations into animal abuse and crimes such as illegal smuggling, poaching and the illegal trade in protected species. Using DNA analysis will make it possible to identify the species and geographical origin, such as the population of a forensic sample, and to also individualise the sample with high levels of probability. Police chief Sebastian Ndeitunga this week announced that the capacitation of the new National Forensic Science Institute of Namibia is at an advanced stage. The facility is to be realised with the assistance of wildlife funding partners in creating a wildlife or animal DNA database and analysis. “With this in place, the Namibian Police will be having the capacity to forensically investigate and connect evidence collected at crime scenes involving wildlife,” he stated. He made the comments during a stakeholders’ forum that aimed to discuss progress made, present the identified law-enforcement challenges, and collectively pave the way forward with regards to the implementation of the 2021-2025 revised National Strategy on Wildlife Protection and Law-Enforcement. The ministry of environment has recorded an alarming number of rhino carcasses found in the Etosha National Park from the beginning of this month. Eleven black rhinos have been poached in the last two weeks. In total, 22 rhino carcasses were discovered as of January. A total of 131 wildlife crime cases have been registered between 2017 and 14 June 2022, Namibian Police Force Deputy Commissioner for the Protected Resources Division, Barry de Klerk, has revealed. Speaking at the same forum here on Wednesday, De Klerk revealed that 93 cases are ongoing at various courts in the country, while 16 have been finalised with convictions and nine have been provisionally withdrawn. Eight cases were struck off the court rolls, whilst two were finalised without convictions, two were finalised, and one was declared indeterminate. “Poaching remains rife in Namibia, and this calls for better collective strategies on wildlife crime and law- enforcement to preserve wildlife for future generations,” he stressed. He noted that the suspects arrested include 487 Namibians, 21 Angolans, five Zambians and five Asians. A total of 243 suspects are out on bail while 132 are awaiting trial, and 32 suspects’ cases were withdrawn. Furthermore, 30 people were discharged and 29 were released. A total of 30 suspects have been convicted, nine are deceased, eight have absconded and five have been acquitted. Minister of Environment, Forestry and Tourism Pohamba Shifeta said wildlife trafficking has become a multi-billion-dollar criminal enterprise that has expanded, and environmental crime has exploded to become the fourth-largest criminal sector worldwide after drug trafficking, counterfeit crimes and human trafficking. At the moment, Namibia makes use of South African forensic experts when the need arises. The new facility will allow the police to properly secure evidence for court cases and investigations, and the rate at which such cases can be finalised will increase dramatically. The database will help to identify new trafficking routes on the basis of DNA links from animal horns which were seized and matched to crime sites. In other countries such as South Africa, a genetic database that holds DNA from thousands of African rhinoceroses has secured the convictions of poachers and led to stiffer criminal sentences since its establishment eight years ago, researchers say. However, not all scientists are convinced the effort is worthwhile. https://neweralive.na/posts/cops-turn-to-dna-analysis-in-wildlife-crimes