Free roaming elephants in Namibia exacerbate human-wildlife conflict:
June 4, 2021
WINDHOEK: The growth in numbers of free roaming elephants in Namibia has
resulted in an increase in Human Wildlife Conflict (HWC) incidences,
Environment Ministry spokesperson Romeo Muyunda said Friday.
In an interview with Xinhua, Muyunda said currently there are more
elephants in unprotected areas than they are in protected national parks.
"Our elephant population in Namibia is healthy but this means that they
move into farming and communal areas resulting in an increase in conflicts
between humans and elephants. The elephants cause damage to infrastructure
by breaking fences, damaging dams and water tanks and pushing over
windmills to the disadvantage of communities," he said.
According to Muyunda, Namibia is home to about 24,000 elephants where the
majority are free roaming.
"The northwestern population is estimated based on aerial surveys at 4,627
elephants (2,911 of those are in protected areas). The northeastern
population numbers are over 19,549 with just 6,413 of those found in
protected areas. Movements between different populations sporadically
occur, providing opportunities for genetic interchange. Numbers will
continue to be through aerial surveys at two to three year intervals," he
Muyunda said the country continues to educate communities on how to deal
with elephants and how to mitigate conflict.
He said the country has also put up other measures to mitigate elephant
conflict such as population management by reducing numbers through auctions
"We are giving benefits to communities through conservancies where people
have the right to utilize these animals for meat," he said.
He added that the costs of HWC to communities and governments can be
outweighed by the economic benefits generated by conservancies that devolve
rights over wildlife and the right to benefit from its sustainable use to
"The country finds itself between a rock and a hard place where we want to
protect our people but we are also running a program of wildlife
conservation which brings benefits to the communities and the country as a
whole," he said.
Muyunda said the issue of human elephant conflict cannot be solved as long
as there is a co-existence, there will always be conflict.
"What we want to ensure is that there is minimum conflict," he said.
Last year, Namibia paid around 5.04 million Namibian dollars (370,000 U.S.
dollars) to individuals, farmers and conservancies for livestock loss, crop
damage, injuries to people and loss of life.