1501 elephants dies in Tamil Nadu; Forest Department’s shocking study
report is out
September 9, 2023
About 1501 elephants died due to various reasons in Tamil Nadu, says a
shocking study report of the Tamil Nadu Forest Department. The Tamil Nadu
Forest Department has started an effort to scientifically study and record
all incidents related to the death of elephants. As a result of this, a
compilation of reports on deaths of elephants since 2010 has now been
published in the form of statistics.
The report tells about the months in which elephant deaths are highest and
the cause of increasing elephant death. According to this, 1501 elephants
have died in 12 years since 2010.
Of these, 77 were electrocuted, while 13 elephants were poached in various
ways, 11 were killed by gunshots, 8 elephants died in train accidents and 4
elephants died in road accidents.
Though poaching elephant with guns has decreased, elephants are killed in a
various other ways. Elephants are also killed by a chemical that is mixed
with corn in the fields which is used to kill peacocks. Similarly,
elephants are also killed by using small explosive devices planted to drive
off wild boars, says the study. Another major enemy is the electric fence.
In Coimbatore, elephants died after eating plastic waste in Tadagam,
Madhukkarai, Marutvamala, Sirumukhai and Valpara. The death of elephants
eating plastic waste happens in a slow pace.
Elephants are the most important animals in the forest that require a lot
of space and food. In areas including Tamil Nadu, its presence is a
protective factor for the forests. Despite various conservation measures
taken by the central and state governments, the death of elephant is
The Elephant Death Audit Framework was introduced to implement a more
detailed and transparent process for recording and monitoring elephant
deaths in the state. It prescribes a systematic and standardized protocol
for conducting postmortems to determine the causes of death of elephants.