Elephants dying from eating plastic waste in Sri Lankan dump
January 14, 2022
Conservationists and veterinarians are warning that plastic waste in an
open landfill in eastern Sri Lanka is killing elephants in the region after
two more were found dead over the weekend.
Around 20 elephants have died over the last eight years after consuming
plastic trash in the dump in Pallakkadu village in Ampara district, about
210 kilometres (130 miles) east of the capital, Colombo.
Examinations of the dead animals showed they had swallowed large amounts of
nondegradable plastic that is found in the garbage dump, wildlife
veterinarian Nihal Pushpakumara said.
"Polythene, food wrappers, plastic, other non-digestibles and water were
the only things we could see in the post mortems. The normal food that
elephants eat and digest was not evident," he said.
Elephants are revered in Sri Lanka but are also endangered. Their numbers
have dwindled from about 14,000 in the 19th century to 6,000 in 2011,
according to the country's first elephant census.
They are increasingly vulnerable because of the loss and degradation of
their natural habitat. Many venture closer to human settlements in search
of food, and some are killed by poachers or farmers angry over damage to
Hungry elephants seek out the waste in the landfill, consuming plastic as
well as sharp objects that damage their digestive systems, Pushpakumara
"The elephants then stop eating and become too weak to keep their heavy
frames upright. When that happens, they can't consume food or water, which
quickens their death," he said.
In 2017, the government announced that it will recycle the garbage in dumps
near wildlife zones to prevent elephants from consuming plastic waste. It
also said electric fences would be erected around the sites to keep the
animals away. But neither has been fully implemented.
There are 54 waste dumps in wildlife zones around the country, with around
300 elephants roaming near them, according to officials.
The waste management site in Pallakkadu village was set up in 2008 with aid
from the European Union. Garbage collected from nine nearby villages is
being dumped there but is not being recycled.
In 2014, the electric fence protecting the site was struck by lightning and
authorities never repaired it, allowing elephants to enter and rummage
through the dump. Residents say elephants have moved closer and settled
near the waste pit, sparking fear among nearby villagers.
Many use firecrackers to chase the animals away when they wander into the
village, and some have erected electric fences around their homes.
But the villagers often don't know how to install the electric fences so
they are safe and "could endanger their own lives as well as those of the
elephants," said Keerthi Ranasinghe, a local village councillor.
"Even though we call them a menace, wild elephants are also a resource.
Authorities need to come up with a way to protect both human lives and the
elephants that also allows us to continue our agricultural activities," he