Necessary action being taken to restore elephant corridors, HC told
Mohamed Imranullah S, The Hindu
September 13, 2021
The Forest Department has apprised the Madras High Court of the laborious
process and difficulties in identifying, notifying and restoring elephant
corridors in the Nilgiris district. The Principal Chief Conservator of
Forests (PCCF) and Chief Wildlife Warden also informed the court about
corridors that had been identified but were yet to be notified, and how any
move to evict encroachers leads to displacement of many people and triggers
serious law and order issues.
Chief Justice Sanjib Banerjee and Justice P.D. Audikesavalu were told that
three forest divisions (Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, the Nilgiris and Gudalur)
in Nilgiris district had elephant corridors. Of them, MTR division had one
notified corridor — Sigur Plateau; and two identified but yet to be
notified corridors — MTR-Mukurthi National Park-Silent Valley National Park
and MTR-Moyar Valley-Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve.
A G.O. was issued on August 31, 2010 notifying the Sigur Plateau corridor
spread over 3,413.73 hectares and it was upheld by the High Court. However,
since a big chunk of the notified corridor consisted of private lands on
which resorts and guest houses had been built, the matter was taken on
appeal to the Supreme Court which appointed an inquiry committee. The
three-member committee, led by retired High Court judge K. Venkataraman,
received 226 claims/objections to the notification. While those objections
were being scrutinised, the tenure of the committee ended on July 31. The
committee has now requested the government to extend its tenure up to April
2022 to complete the inquiry and based on its recommendations, appropriate
action would be taken, the PCCF said.
The status report was filed in response to a PIL petition filed by activist
As far as the two identified but yet-to-be notified corridors were
concerned, the PCCF (and chief wildlife warden) Shekhar Kumar Niraj said
the MTR-Mukurthi National Park-Silent Valley National Park corridor was
approximately 3 km wide and 17 km long. The migrating pachyderms encounter
multiple tea estates, villages and towns while travelling on this corridor.
Similarly, the 35-km-long MTR-Moyar Valley-Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve
corridor too passes through villages. High tension electricity lines
traverse through this corridor between Moyar village and Bhavanisagar dam
posing grave threat to animals.
List of Interventions
Providing a list of interventions required with regard to the two
identified corridors, the PCCF said a committee on the lines of one that
had been formed for finalisation of Sigur plateau corridor could be formed
for notifying these two corridors too.
As far as the Nilgiris forest division was concerned, Mr. Niraj said the
Wildlife Trust of India, in its research study titled ‘Right of Passage:
Elephant Corridors of India’, had not officially recorded any corridor in
this division because the corridors here were fragmented and discontinuous
in status due to plantations.
On Gudalur forest division, he said it had as many as 11 local elephant
corridors. However, since Gudalur taluk lies in the foothills of the
Nigiris and was sandwiched between MTR and New Amarambalam Sanctuary in
Kerala, the demand for land had led to fragmentation of Gudalur forests.
“Since forests in Gudalur are fragmented and the habitat degraded,
elephants roam in search of food and water outside forest areas. The major
factor for quality degradation is encroachment in forest lands which has
happened in early years,” the PCCF said.
Stating that fresh attempts to encroach forest lands were being prevented
through constant monitoring by special teams of the Forest Department, Mr.
Niraj told the court that necessary action had been initiated by the
respective District Forest Officers for restoring the elephant corridors in
Coimbatore and the Nilgiris districts.