In a first, Chaibasa forest div installs intelligent system to mitigate man-animal conflict (State of Jharkhand, India) B. Sridhar, The Times of India January 13, 2021
JAMSHEDPUR: The Chaibasa forest division in West Singhbhhum district has become the first in the state to install Animal Intrusion Detection and Repellent System (ANIDERS), an intelligent system, to mitigate the man-animal conflict.
The division has installed the system at four villages of Angardiha panchayat in Tantnagar block while 17 more villages will be covered in the coming days.
Chaibasa divisional forest officer (DFO) Satyam Kumar on Tuesday said the mechanized device will prevent incidents of man-elephant conflict in the area that comes under the Singhbhum Elephant Reserve (SER). The officer further said ANIDERS uses infra-red sensors to detect animal movement and works as a mechanized scarecrow.
He said, “Whenever there is a movement of wild animals within its range, it would generate patterns of light and sound to scare the wild animals away."
The system, which has several features like real-time communication via GSM network, is solar-powered, has no running cost involved and is not expensive.
Explaining the working of the system, the DFO said villages which lie in the vicinity of a forest and impacted by man-animal conflict would be encircled by ANIDERS so that they a become protected zone.
The official said to make the system effective, a proper ground-based survey was conducted before the installation and the elephant corridors were mapped thoroughly by a forest field staff led by IFS officer Ahmed Bilal Anwar. He also said the system was installed under the Wildlife Management Plan of Tata Steel, Noamundi. The plan is mandatory for mining firms operating in forest areas.
In the last three years, at least 12 people have died and injured another 12 in the man-elephant conflict in the forest division. Besides, 353 houses were damaged and 1354 cases of crop trampling were reported during the period.
The division had disbursed an amount of Rs 1.2 crore in compensation for the damage and the loss of life, Kumar added.
Expressing gratitude to the forest department for installing the system, the chairman of the local van samiti, Mangal Singh Sirka, said, "Our crops and houses were under continuous threat from elephants. Moreover, we were afraid of going out at night. Now, we feel relieved."